Pao Chui Part 4

From Yan Shou Gong Quan, Chen Bing makes a quarter-turn to the right, moving his right foot. Then he steps to a wider stance with the right, reaches with the left hand, grabs and pulls while hammering with the right. Below you see him grab with left:


Hammer with right:


He then advances with a skipping left-right and repeats the grab-hammer, which is called Duo Er Gong, double forearm punches.

Next, he steps forward with the left throwing three quick punches, left, right, left. This move is called Zuo Er Gong You Er Gong.

Hui Tou Dang Men Pao is a turning move. After the last punch left, he picks up his left foot and monkey hops around, left-right-left and hits back in the direction he came from with both forearms. He then mirrors that move, right-left-right coming back, with the Dang Men Pao to his left:


At 3:00, he picks up his right foot and does an elbow block at the waist. He follows this with another right elbow strike, this one not blocked by the left hand. He then skips left-right and does another grab-and-hammer.

It’s not clear how to parse the names with the movements in this section. Yao Lan Zhou is a repeated move, the elbow block at the waist, which I recognize (from just before Da Gong Quan Xiao Gong Quan). I think Wo Di Da Zhuo Pao must be the blows at the end of the turning move, Hui Tou Dang Men Pao. Then Shun Lan Zhou is the second elbow strike (without the left hand) and the last hammer is Wo Di Pao.

Anyway, the final turning move before the Buddha Stamp is surely Hui Tou Jing Lan Ji Ru. He turns right-left-right, throws a right elbow and we’re done. JinGang Dao Dui, Shou Shi.

Laojia Erlu Names

Chen Xiao Xing will offer a workshop on Silkreeling and Laojia Yilu in Chicago in April at the University of Chicago.

I’m learning the names of the movements of Laojia Erlu using the list. Many are familiar from the Chen 38, but I’m a little confused by others. The opening is clear (I list them here for practice):

  1. Youbei Shi
  2. Jin Gang Dao Dui
  3. Lan Zha Yi
  4. Liu Feng Si Bi
  5. Danbian
  6. Hu Xin Quan
  7. Xie Xing
  8. Hui Tou Jin Gang Dao Dui
  9. Pie Shen Quan

Three more moves are listed before #13 Yan Shou Gong Quan ends the first section:

  • Zhi Dang (Pointing to the Crotch)
  • Zhan Shou (Chopping Hand)
  • Fan Hua Wu Xiou (Overturning Flowers and Waving Sleeves)

I’m not 100% sure how to parse this section. The fajin (arms thrown out) after Pie Shen Quan is (I am guessing) part of Zhi Dang, the cross step and punch down (similar to Zhi Dang Chui in the 108 and the Chen 38). Zhan Shou would then be the partial turn before Fan Hua Wu Xiou, the 180- leap to face forward. (That move is a 180 when it repeats later in the form.)

Yao Lan Zhou (Lan is block, and Zhou is Elbow) is the elbow strike. Da Gong Quan Xiao Gong Quan is the turning cloud hands-type move.

Yu Nu Chuan Shuo is a familiar name (Fair Lady Works the Shuttles). The move bears no resemblance to the other movements by the same name, but actually, the four rapid bamboo steps do resemble shuttle action on a loom.

Dao Qi Long is Riding the Dragon Backwards (the three bamboo steps back)–Long is Dragon. Another Yan Shou Gong Quan shows we’re in the right place.

  • Guo Bian Pao – Firecrackers
  • Shou Tou Shi – Beast Head Pose (xu bu, right fist by temple)
  • Pi Jia Zi – Wearing the Frame (the fajin that follows)

Fan Hua Wu Xiou (Overturning Flowers and Waving Sleeves) repeats. Yan Shou Gong Quan closes the second section.

  • Fu Hu is Subduing the Tiger (Hu is tiger) (the low squat somewhat like Hit the Tiger).
  • Mo Mei Gong is Wipe the Brow Palms (the turning palm strike).

Huang Long San Jiao Shui (Yellow Dragon Stirs the Water Three Times) is the set of one-handed cloud hand-type moves. Long is dragon, Water is Shui, San is Three.

Chong is the thrust kick. (You and Zuo are Right and Left respectively). Yet another kick word! To go with deng jiao, fen jiao, bai lian and pai jiao.

Then Yan Shou Gong Quan (which is like punctuation, or a stepping stone in this form) occurs before and after the leg sweep (Sao Tang Tui). Tui is leg here (it can have other meanings). In the traditional 108, the cross form kick is Shi Zi Tui; compare to Shi Zi Shou, cross hands.

Quan Pao Chui (see the post before this one) is the last new move before the third section ends with Yan Shou Gong Quan. The fourth section has a number of names I haven’t learned yet, so I’m not quite done with this language project!

Quan Pao Chui

The leg sweeps in the third section of Laojia Erlu occur at 2:40-2:45 of the Chen Bing video. The strike with concealed fist (Yan Shou Gong Quan) is followed by Quan Pau Chui, translated as “The Whole Cannon Fist” on the list of names I’m using.


The Yan Shou Gong Quan after the sweeps faces to our left in the video. He resets (right left) in the same position (maybe advancing a little bit) and does Quan Pao Chui to the left. It’s a double hammer-fisted blow to the left, both fists palm-up. Master Gohring describes the Quan Pao Chui as picking up a bucket of water and throwing it to the left. That works for me!

Master Bing then resets (left right) facing away and does Quan Pao Chui to the right, which what he is doing in the screen grab above at about 2:47. Reset (right left) facing to screen left and repeat Yan Shou Gong Quan. This is the end of the third section of the form. We’re at 2:50.

The fourth section has ten moves, including the final Jin Gang Dao Dui and Shou Shi. That last Buddha stamp is at 3:07 (the video ends at 3:20), so between 2:50 and 3:07 — 17 seconds — we’ll do eight moves we haven’t learned yet. They are:

  • Duo Er Gong – Double Forearm punches
  • Zuo Er Gong You Er Gong – Left and right forearm punches
  • Hui Tou Dang Men Pao – Turning around forearm punches
  • Wo Di Da Zhuo Pao – Punches under the armpits
  • Yao Lan Zhou – Dragging the waist and hitting with the elbow
  • Shun Lan Zhou – Hitting with the elbow
  • Wo Di Pao – Side lower punch
  • Hui Tou Jing Lan Ji Ru – Turning around elbows

That fourth section up to the last Buddha stamp is all fajin. It’s like a fireworks show, where you get to the end and they set off a long volley for a climax.

Saber Videos

I’m looking at YouTube, searching for video (other than our own school’s) on the Yang saber form that I will be performing for Chinese New Year. No luck, really, but I’ve found some interesting material. The closest thing to our form is this one by Peter Tam Hoy (see my October post on this form). But the most interesting discovery today is an instructional video from TaiChiHealthways.



Mostly, he is working on the double jump kick. I have always thought the “punch” after the kick was just that: Jin bu ban lan chui. But I knew it was called Hit the Tiger Form. Light bulb moment for me! He is not punching, he is doing Hit the Tiger Left–Zuo Da Hu Shi!

Other Yang forms are all so different, but it’s helpful to see how the various performers move. Amin Wu (whom I admire no end) does an unfamiliar Yang saber form:


This might be a modern form–it is called 36-form saber. And I couldn’t help noticing that she has also done a video of a short, unfamiliar fan form–36-fan. Lovely:


Possibly the best thing I found, though, is a video on Chen Saber, also from, which includes instruction and names of movements.


Like the Yang saber video, it doesn’t cover the whole form, but what it does cover is great. The two videos from TaiChiHealthways are samples–Master Tsao offers a huge variety of instructional DVDs, covering most of the forms I have studied and/or plan to study, both traditional and modern. Wow. Might have to get one.

Fan Form II

Grandmaster Li Deyin created two fan forms in the early 2000s. Both are performed to the song called Xi Yang Mei (Beautiful Sunset). The first form, usually simply called Kung Fu Fan, has 52 movements. It is the easier of the two forms and lends itself very well to group performances. It’s hugely popular.

The second form, usually called Tai Chi Kung Fu Fan Form 2, is “a dynamic routine with various moves from Chen, Yang, Wu, and Sun Tai Chi and Chinese kung fu.” From the instructional DVD by Professor Deyin himself:

“This fan routine, created by professor Li, is based on the framework of the first Taiji Kung Fu Fan.  By putting a series of more complicated but graceful taiji movements together with numerous powerful and dynamic movements from other martial arts styles, it provides an excellent opportunity for enthusiasts to achieve better physical fitness, greater flexibility and increase self confidence.”

The form is in six sections, as follows. Moves are named and described by me–these are not official names, just nicknames that I find helpful. Wherever possible, I have used names that are familiar from other forms.

Section 1: slow, with 4 lines of music that are repeated.

  1. Prepare Jin Gang Dao Dui
  2. Jin Gang Dao Dui and stand on right leg (crane) SNAP
  3. Cloud hands L-R-L-R
  4. Chen-style Lou Xi Au Bu
  5. Left Deng Jiao (closed fan)
  6. Step left, stand on right leg SNAP down
  7. Step  left (close fan), stand on right SNAP at waist
  8. Turn around, You Da Hu

Section 2: Fast. Four lines of music are repeated.

  1. Strike left and down on the right
  2. Buddha Stamp and SNAP overhead
  3. Feet apart, fan in front, twirl fan, step R cross behind
  4. Zhuan Shen Gong Bu (fan extended)
  5. Step left, You Fen Jiao (fan closed)
  6. Straightforward push fan (like push knife)
  7. Throw fan to SNAP down
  8. Turn left, Zuo Xu Bu, SNAP to body

Section 3: Faster.

  1. Open arms (close fan), 3/4 turn SNAP horizontal
  2. L-R-L stabbing closed fan
  3. Swing fan in figure 8, Xie Bu SNAP at waist
  4. You Gong Bu, fan behind back, push w/ left
  5. Close fan, step around 180, fan on shoulder, punch left
  6. Ma Bu push
  7. Step and turn R-L-R, Xie Bu (wheel fan)
  8. Unwind, extend, kick back w/L and SNAP

Rest 4 counts:

  • step down, arms extended
  • turn around, arms extended
  • hold closed fan in front
  • wait a beat

Section 4: Repeats section 2.

Section 5: Fast, staccato, then slows to cymbal crash.

  1. Step L-R, point closed fan down
  2. Step L-R SNAP down
  3. Stamp R, close fan SNAP backwards
  4. Punch L-R-L, You Gong Bu
  5. Zhuan Shen (close fan) Zuo Deng Jiao
  6. Jump to Yuo Xu Bu and SNAP down
  7. Turn around and swing the open fan behind
  8. Face from raise closed fan overhead.

Cymbals crash three times:

  • Crash at the end of Section 5
  • Step to Zuo Gong Bu and SNAP under fist on crash
  • Step back (close fan) to left cross behind SNAP high R on crash

Section 6: Slow.

  1. Zuo Ye Ma Fen Zong
  2. You Ye Ma Fen Zong
  3. Open the fan back, hold edges and push
  4. Sink back to Pu Bu
  5. Tui Bu Kua Hu
  6. Zhuan Shen Bai Lian
  7. Dang Tou Pao SNAP to Ti Shou
  8. Bai He Liang Chi

Shou Shi: as in 32-sword, but finish with closed fan held forward in both hands.

Pao Chui – Sweeps

The leg sweeps begin right after the punch at 2:40 in my go-to video of Chen Bing. He sweeps first with the left leg, then with the right, then sets up for another punch at 2:44.


The footwork: He turns the left foot in, turns onto the right and sweeps the left leg around. He’s now facing away, so he’s made a 3/4 turn. He pivots on the left and sweeps the right leg around. That’s another 3/4 turn, for a total 1 and 1/2 turns. He rises on both feet, then sets up for the punch right-left.

After he turns the left foot in, he drops down to a low squat on the right and touches down with both hands while sweeping the extended left leg around (above). He shifts into a left squat, hands still on the ground, while he sweeps the right foot around (below).


Happily, Master Gohring, who by the way is now Grand Master Gohring (8th degree!), is offering us an upright modified version of this move. The footwork is pretty much the same: left-right-left, left-right-left (and then right left for the punch). The sweep is just a swing of the leg.

Between the speed, the deep squats, and the turning, there’s significant potential for knee injury on this move (in my opinion), especially for older students like me. I for one will probably experiment with the sweep shown above, but I doubt I’ll try it at full speed any time soon. I am happy about the modified option!